What does the Qur’an say about Jesus life, death and resurrection?

jesus-crossMost Muslims believe this to mean that Jesus Christ never died but Allah made it appear to the people that he had been died. Most Muslims believe he was raised to Heaven without being put on the cross and God transformed another person to appear exactly like Jesus who was crucified instead of Jesus. This causes some serious problems that need to be addressed. If Allah tricked people into believing Jesus was died then this means that Allah started Christianity by his own deception, and He allowed Christians to be deceived. The whole foundation of the Christian faith is rested on death of Jesus. The historical reality of Jesus death is an essential of the Christian faith. Without Jesus death his resurrection becomes irrelevant, and without the resurrection Christianity itself is rendered meaningless, i.e. 1 Corinthians 15:14 “and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.” According to history hundreds of thousands of Christians–men, women, and children–were tortured and killed for their faith in Christianity. This means that Allah started Christianity and allowed thousands of people to give their life for something that was all a deception.

From what I’ve studied, the Qur’an states that a prophet cannot lie (deceive another by implication). 628x471So, here’s something that I have yet to hear apologetic s on. Allah is proclaimed to be truthful in all things. Yet, many Muslims believe that Allah saved Jesus from the death of the cross and will confirm that Allah only made it look as if Jesus died.

Let’s start with Jesus Death from the Qur’an:

Jesus speaking in the cradle:

Qur’an 19:33

وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدتُّ وَيَوْمَ أَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ أُبْعَثُ حَيًّا

Transliteration

: Wassalamu AAalayya yawmawulidtu wayawma amootu wayawma obAAathu hayya

Translation

: “So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)”!

This is the first reference from Jesus that he will die.

Qur’an 3:55

إِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَىٰ إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَجَاعِلُ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوكَ فَوْقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ فِيمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ

Transliteration

: Ith qala Allahu yaAAeesa innee mutawaffeeka warafiAAuka ilayya wamutahhirukamina allatheena kafaroo wajaAAilu allatheenaittabaAAooka fawqa allatheena kafaroo ila yawmialqiyamati thumma ilayya marjiAAukum faahkumubaynakum feema kuntum feehi takhtalifoon

PassionOTChrist_251PyxurzThere is mistranslation in the words mutawaffeeka and tawaffaitanee in verses 3:55 and 5:117 as: I will take thee and Thou didst take me up instead of I shall cause thee to die and Thou has caused me to die. Also we need to be clear about the word rafiu-ka meaning ‘shall exalt thee’ following the word mutawaffai in verse 3:55. This is because whenever the act of raf (elevating) of a human being is attributed to God, the meaning implied is ‘honouring’ or ‘exalting’. As an example the verb rafanahu (We exalted him) is also used with regard to Prophet Idris in verses (19:56, 57) . Hence the correct translation of the verses  3:55 and 5:117 are as follows:

Translation

(3:55) Lo! God said: O Jesus! Verily, I shall cause thee to die (mutawaffeeka), and shall exalt thee (rafiu-ka) unto Me and cleanse thee of (the presence of) those who are bent on denying the truth; [….]. (Muhammad Asad)

(5:117) Nothing did I tell them beyond what Thou didst bid me (to say): ‘Worship God, (who is) my Sustainer as well as your sustainer.’ And I bore witness to what they did as long as I dwelt in their midst; but since Thou has caused me to die (tawaffaita-ni) , Thou alone hast been their keeper: (Muhammad Asad)

Interpretation of the word wafat‘:

The key word here is “wafat” . The most correct meaning of “wafat” is death, or take away soul.  If soul is taken away from a person, it is nothing but death.  The problem arises with regards to this verse, when Muslims refuse to interpret the meaning of “wafat” as death.  Irony is that all scholars who translated the Holy Quran do agree “wafat” means death.   Each and every scholar translated the word “wafat” as death in at least 20 different instances in their translations.  However, in this particular verse, they interpreted the meaning as ‘take away’ and insinuate physical ascension.

Here are some of the verses in the Holy Quran where Allah used the word “wafat”.  The verses are 2:234, 2:240, 3:193, 4:15, 4:97, 6:61, 7:37, 7:126, 8:50, 10:46, 10:104, 12:101, 13:40, 16:28, 16:32, 16:70, 39:42, 40:67, 40:77, 47:27 etc.  In  each of the instances, all these scholars translated the word “wafat” as death, or a word very close to death but none of them used a word to mean take away in alive condition.

Let us continue:

Qur’an 5:117

Jesus speaking:

مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلَّا مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ ۚ وَكُنتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ ۖ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنتَ أَنتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَأَنتَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

Transliteration

: Ma qultu lahum illa maamartanee bihi ani oAAbudoo Allaha rabbee warabbakumwakuntu AAalayhim shaheedan ma dumtu feehim falammatawaffaytanee kunta anta arraqeeba AAalayhim waanta AAalakulli shay-in shaheed

Translation

: I did not say to them aught save what Thou didst enjoin me with: That serve Allah, my Lord and your passion_of_the_christ_by_danieltrapp-d38v1hoLord, and I was a witness of them so long as I was among them, but when Thou didst cause me to die, Thou wert the watcher over them, and Thou art witness of all things.

Notice the similarity between “innee mutawaffeeka (I will cause thee to die)” in the previous text we read and this text “falamma tawaffaytanee (but when Thou didst cause me to die)”. ‘Mutawaffeka’ is going to happen in future. ‘Tawaffaytanee’ is past.  So ‘falammatawaffaytanee’ means ‘when Thou didst cause me to die’.

We have Jesus speaking of his death in the cradle saying:

“So peace is on me the day that I will die,”

And we have God telling Jesus:

“I will cause thee to die and raise thee to Myself”

And in last verse we have Jesus saying:

“when Thou didst cause me to die”

We see clearly from Qur’an that Jesus died and rise up to life and took up to heaven.

The Movie by  Mel Gibson entitle  “The Passion of the Christ” portrays Christ death in graphic detail.

It is commonly held by Muslims that the crucifixion of Jesus Christ did not occur. Depending on the interpretation of the following verse, Muslim scholars have different opinions. Some believe that God gave someone Jesus’ appearance, causing everyone to believe that Jesus was crucified.

passion-beatingIt is stated in the Qur’an, That they said (in their boast), “We killed the Messiah Isa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary), The Messenger of Allah”- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety They killed him not-Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise- Q 4:157-158.

Most Muslims believe this to mean that Jesus Christ never died but Allah made it appear to the people that he had been died. Most Muslims believe he was raised to Heaven without being put on the cross and God transformed another person to appear exactly like Jesus who was crucified instead of Jesus. This causes some serious problems that need to be addressed. If Allah tricked people into believing Jesus was died then this means that Allah started Christianity by his own deception, and He allowed Christians to be deceived. The whole foundation of the Christian faith is rested on death of Jesus. The historical reality of Jesus death is an essential of the Christian faith. Without Jesus death his resurrection becomes irrelevant, and without the resurrection Christianity itself is rendered meaningless, i.e. 1 Corinthians 15:14 “and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain.” According to history hundreds of thousands of Christians–men, women, and children–were tortured and killed for their faith in Christianity. This means that Allah started Christianity and allowed thousands of people to give their life for something that was all a deception.

1546_holy bookAs I stated earlier,  the Qur’an states that a prophet cannot lie (deceive another by implication). So, here’s something that I have yet to hear anyone explain since Allah is proclaimed to be truthful in all things. Yet, many Muslims believe that Allah saved Jesus from the death of the cross and will confirm that Allah only made it look as if Jesus died.

Now, if I led a person to believe one thing, then did something else, it would be counted as deception on my part. I would have deceived a person, which causes them to believe a lie and creates a stumbling block.

If we (humans) are held to present the truth at all times, then why would Allah be permitted to deceive mankind through the faked death of Jesus on the cross? I just find this to create an inconsistency in the character represented of Allah.

It seems most in congruent with Islamic doctrine regarding the character of Allah to maintain that Allah would have either needed or chosen to resort to chicanery and mass deception in order to spare the life of Jesus.

Please look carefully at the verse. The question of “killing” is the issue. In response to the claim by the Jews that they killed Jesus, Allah’s reply is that (1) he was not killed or murdered in the normal fashion (2) he was not killed by crucifixion. This negates the possibility of Jews killing Jesus in any manner whatsoever, supported by the very last sentence of the same verse: “they could not kill him for certain.”  If we further say that someone else was hanged in his place, then we are really messing up everything and failing to see the true message of the Qur’an.

PassionOTChrist_253PyxurzIn the verse 4:157 please notice carefully, “WA lakin shubbiha lahum” means “He was made to resemble to them” or “it was made to resemble to them” or “a likeness of that was made for them” or “a similitude was made for them” — not “someone was made to resemble him”.  In the sentences, “it” or “that” refers to the incident and not a person.
In fact, I don’t see in Q 4:157-158 a denial of Christ’s death, nor yet a denial of His crucifixion. Actually, I see a harmony between the text of that Surah, and John’s gospel, when Jesus said; Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.- John 10.17-18.

The Jews always claimed that they killed the Masih, the son of Maryam (the Messiah, son of Mary). Allah is telling Muhammad that although they claimed that they killed the Masih, in reality they could not murder him nor could they kill him by crucifixion. Then again, in the very same verse, Allah is telling that they could not kill him for certain.

Two types of death are being discussed here (a) a general murder (b) killing by crucifixion.  The Jews wanted to cause either of the two types of death to Jesus. Allah assures us that they failed to cause either type of death to him. The traditional Muslim faith is that since Jesus was not murdered or killed by crucifixion, only possibility is that he is never died!!! Even if we read in Qur’an 5:117 Jesus says “…but when Thou didst cause me to die, Thou wert the watcher over them, and Thou art witness of all things.”  (Q. 5:117)

Also Surah 3:54 states: “When Allah said: ‘O Jesus, I will cause thee to die and exalt thee in My presence and clear thee of those who disbelieve…” In so many ways that seems to corroborate with Philippians 2:8-10 which states: “And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Therefore God has highly exalted Him, and has given Him a name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of heavenly ones, and of earthly ones, and of ones under the earth; “
It is so then that Jesus was not actually killed by the Jews, but it only appeared to them that they killed Him, but in fact He laid His own life down for us on the cross. If Jesus lay down his life and died, it is still valid that the Jews could not (a) murder him or (b) kill him by any meaning.

The confusion arises because Allah said “…they (the Jews) did not crucify him…”  What is important to understand is the word “crucify” means ‘to kill by crucifixion’.   The reason the Roman’s (and NOT the Jews) put a person on the cross is to kill him according to their custom.  They would not put a person on the cross and later let him go away; so, the word “crucify” has an inherent meaning of killing by crucifixion. We can read clearly this in Gal 16:14 “But far be it from me to boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.” We read this verse in Good News Bible translation as follows. Gal 16:14 “As for me,  however, I will boast only about the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ; for by means of his cross the world is dead to me, and I am dead to the world”The cross of the Lord” means “the death of the Lord” to Paul and that’s why GNB translated the word crucified as dead. Thats why he (Paul) said “the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world” means “the world is dead to me, and I am dead to the world”. They would not put a person on the cross and later let him go away; so, the word “crucify” has an inherent meaning of killing by crucifixion. Killing by crucifixion was their intent, and with this intent they did put him on the cross, however, they failed to kill him because “He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross”. Remember Jesus said: “No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself”.

The Qur’an is not actually denying His crucifixion, nor yet His death. And to consider that He was raised up to life, and subsequently raised up to Allah, as is also in harmony with Bible (John 20.9-17; Acts 1.2-3, 9).

The general assumption accepted through the centuries by Muslims is that God loved His prophet so much that just before the crucifixion, He lifted up Jesus into heaven and allowed someone else made to resemble Him to be crucified in His place.

The key passage from the Qur’an upon which this assumption is based states: “And because of [the Jews’] disbelief and because of their saying: We slew the Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, Allah’s messenger–They slew him not nor crucified, but it appeared so unto them; and lo! those who disagree concerning it are in doubt thereof; they have no knowledge thereof save pursuit of a conjecture; they slew him not for certain. But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise” (Surah 4, Al-Nisa, 156-158).

Notice, the verse says “And because of [the Jews’] disbelief and because of their saying: We slew the Messiah Jesus, son of Mary.”  “They slew him not nor crucified, but it appeared so unto them”

Who killed Jesus? And what was the cause of Jesus death?

The Gospels are a work of faith not history.

According to the Gospels:

After Jesus of Nazareth was arrested, Caiaphas organized a hearing and declared him guilty of blasphemy and condemned him to death. According to the Gospels, Caiaphas had no legal authority to execute anyone (John 18:31)

Therefore the High-Priest handed him over to the Roman authorities (Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor), who found him guilty of treason (i.e., claiming to be the King of the Jews).

Joh 10:17  Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

Joh 10:18  No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

Joh 19:30  When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

Matt. 27:50 And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.

There is a difference between been killed and gave up the spirit? Quran says: the Jews did not kill Jesus. The Bible says: Jesus himself gave up his spirit. When He, himself gave up on his spirit how we can say some one killed Him; How many verses in the New Testament talking about sacrifice of Jesus. How many verses says that Jesus come to die for human beings? How we can say that Jesus been killed when He willingly offered himself as a ransom to the human beings?

What was the cause of Jesus death?

The Gospel of Mark records that Jesus was nailed to the cross at about nine o’clock in the morning and that He died the same day at about three o’clock in the afternoon. Although He had suffered scourging, He undoubtedly possessed enough natural vigor to maintain His breathing on the cross for more than six hours. The malefactors crucified by His side were still alive at the end of the day, even though they probably had been scourged also. To hasten their deaths so that no executions would be in progress during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the soldiers in attendance broke their legs. Once they could no longer push themselves up, they died rapidly. But when the soldiers came to Jesus, they found that He was dead already. He could not have succumbed to suffocation so soon. What then was the cause of His death?

John 19:34  “… one of the soldiers with a spear pierced, and forthwith came there out blood and water.”

“The medical significance of the blood and water could be the result of a massive Myocardial Infarction, in which the heart ruptured. This is rather conclusive post-mortem evidence that Jesus died, not the usual crucifixion death by suffocation, …” (Dr. C. Truman Davis)

Quran says:  “They slew him not nor crucified, but it appeared so unto them”
The question is causality. Did they cause the death of Christ by a physical means? When a sinner brought a lamb to the temple for sacrifice, it was the sinner who killed it as he confessed his sin. It was the sin in symbolic terms which caused the death of the lamb. So it was with Jesus. He took our sins upon Himself who knew no sin. Sura 19:19 tells us that He was righteous from birth. He Himself said that no man took it from Him.

Note John 10:18 “No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.” This extraordinary power He received from Allah, just as He had received power to heal and raise the dead. In fact we are told in John 5:26, that Allah was the source even of His very own life “26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;”

So you see that the Quran is in complete agreement with the Bible, for the Jews did NOT kill him as He Himself said before hand. He was here for a higher purpose, to demonstrate to the universe the results of Sin.  Jesus died not the usual crucifixion death by suffocation but it appeared so unto them.

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